• C#如何使用Wesky.Net.OpenTools库实现对注册表的操作?
  • 发布于 2个月前
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注册表可以用来进行存储一些程序的信息,例如用户的权限、或者某些值等,可以根据个人需要进行存储和删减。
当前注册表主目录:

引用包 Wesky.Net.OpenTools 1.0.5或者以上版本。
该包采用mit开源,开源项目地址:
Gitee:https://gitee.com/dreamer_j/open-tools.git 
Github:https://github.com/LittleLittleRobot/OpenTools.git 

操作演示代码
IRegistryManager registryManager = new RegistryManager();
// 堆代码 duidaima.com
// 创建注册表项
// registryManager.CreateKey(RegistryRoot.CurrentUser, @"Wesky\MyApp");

// 设置注册表值
// registryManager.SetValue(RegistryRoot.CurrentUser, @"Wesky\MyApp", "MyValue", "Hello, Registry!");

// 读取注册表值
// var value = registryManager.GetValue(RegistryRoot.CurrentUser, @"Wesky\MyApp", "MyValue");
// Console.WriteLine($"读取到的注册表值:{value}");

// 删除注册表值
// registryManager.DeleteValue(RegistryRoot.CurrentUser, @"Wesky\MyApp", "MyValue");

// 删除注册表项
registryManager.DeleteKey(RegistryRoot.CurrentUser, @"Wesky\MyApp");
Console.WriteLine("Over");
Console.ReadKey();
核心包内源码:
 [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegCreateKeyEx(
        IntPtr hKey,
string lpSubKey,
int Reserved,
string lpClass,
int dwOptions,
int samDesired,
        IntPtr lpSecurityAttributes,
out IntPtr phkResult,
out int lpdwDisposition);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegOpenKeyEx(
        IntPtr hKey,
string lpSubKey,
int ulOptions,
int samDesired,
out IntPtr phkResult);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegCloseKey(IntPtr hKey);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegSetValueEx(
        IntPtr hKey,
string lpValueName,
int Reserved,
int dwType,
byte[] lpData,
int cbData);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegGetValue(
        IntPtr hKey,
string lpSubKey,
string lpValue,
int dwFlags,
out int pdwType,
        StringBuilder pvData,
ref int pcbData);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegDeleteKey(IntPtr hKey, string lpSubKey);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private static extern int RegDeleteValue(IntPtr hKey, string lpValueName);

/// <summary>
/// 获取注册表根键
/// Get registry root key
/// </summary>
/// <param name="root"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
/// <exception cref="ArgumentOutOfRangeException"></exception>
private IntPtr GetRegistryRootKey(RegistryRoot root)
    {
switch (root)
        {
case RegistryRoot.ClassesRoot:
return HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT;
case RegistryRoot.CurrentUser:
return HKEY_CURRENT_USER;
case RegistryRoot.LocalMachine:
return HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE;
case RegistryRoot.Users:
return HKEY_USERS;
case RegistryRoot.CurrentConfig:
return HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG;
default:
throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(nameof(root), root, null);
        }
    }

/// <summary>
/// 创建注册表键
/// Create registry key
/// </summary>
/// <param name="root"></param>
/// <param name="subKey"></param>
/// <exception cref="Exception"></exception>
public void CreateKey(RegistryRoot root, string subKey)
    {
        IntPtr hKey = GetRegistryRootKey(root);
int result = RegCreateKeyEx(hKey, subKey, 0, null, REG_OPTION_NON_VOLATILE, KEY_WRITE, IntPtr.Zero, out IntPtr phkResult, out _);

if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("创建注册表key失败。 Failed to create registry key.");
        }

        RegCloseKey(phkResult);
    }

/// <summary>
/// 删除注册表键
/// Delete registry key
/// </summary>
/// <param name="root"></param>
/// <param name="subKey"></param>
/// <exception cref="Exception"></exception>
public void DeleteKey(RegistryRoot root, string subKey)
    {
        IntPtr hKey = GetRegistryRootKey(root);
int result = RegDeleteKey(hKey, subKey);

if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("删除注册表key失败。Failed to delete registry key.");
        }
    }

/// <summary>
/// 设置注册表值
/// Set registry value
/// </summary>
/// <param name="root"></param>
/// <param name="subKey"></param>
/// <param name="valueName"></param>
/// <param name="value"></param>
/// <exception cref="Exception"></exception>
public void SetValue(RegistryRoot root, string subKey, string valueName, string value)
    {
        IntPtr hKey = GetRegistryRootKey(root);

int result = RegOpenKeyEx(hKey, subKey, 0, KEY_WRITE, out IntPtr phkResult);
if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("打开注册表key失败。Failed to open registry key.");
        }

byte[] data = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(value);
        result = RegSetValueEx(phkResult, valueName, 0, REG_SZ, data, data.Length);

if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("设置注册表值失败。Failed to set registry value.");
        }

        RegCloseKey(phkResult);
    }

/// <summary>
/// 获取注册表值
/// Get registry value
/// </summary>
/// <param name="root"></param>
/// <param name="subKey"></param>
/// <param name="valueName"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
/// <exception cref="Exception"></exception>
public string GetValue(RegistryRoot root, string subKey, string valueName)
    {
        IntPtr hKey = GetRegistryRootKey(root);

int result = RegOpenKeyEx(hKey, subKey, 0, KEY_READ, out IntPtr phkResult);
if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("打开注册表key失败。Failed to open registry key.");
        }

int type = 0;
int size = 1024;
        StringBuilder data = new StringBuilder(size);

        result = RegGetValue(phkResult, null, valueName, RRF_RT_REG_SZ, out type, data, ref size);

if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("获取注册表的值失败。Failed to get registry value.");
        }

        RegCloseKey(phkResult);

return data.ToString();
    }

/// <summary>
/// 删除注册表值
/// Delete registry value
/// </summary>
/// <param name="root"></param>
/// <param name="subKey"></param>
/// <param name="valueName"></param>
/// <exception cref="Exception"></exception>
public void DeleteValue(RegistryRoot root, string subKey, string valueName)
    {
        IntPtr hKey = GetRegistryRootKey(root);

int result = RegOpenKeyEx(hKey, subKey, 0, KEY_WRITE, out IntPtr phkResult);
if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("打开注册表key失败。Failed to open registry key.");
        }

        result = RegDeleteValue(phkResult, valueName);

if (result != ERROR_SUCCESS)
        {
throw new Exception("删除注册表的值失败。Failed to delete registry value.");
        }

        RegCloseKey(phkResult);
    }


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